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Battle of Stirling
The Scottish raise their spears
Conflict: War of Scottish Independence
Date: 11 September 1297
Place: Stirling, Scotland
Outcome: Inconclusive
Flag of Scotland Wallace
Flag of Scotland Mornay
Flag of Scotland Lochlan
Bruce Bruce
Flag of England England
Flag of Scotland William Wallace
Flag of Scotland Mornay
Flag of Scotland Lochlan
Bruce Craig
Flag of England Lord Talmadge
Flag of England Lord Cheltham
2,000 Scottish troops
300 cavalry
10,000 infantry
3,000 heavy cavalry
1.000 deaths 5.100 deaths
Scottish Rebellion

Battle of Lanark - Battle of Bottoms' Castle - Battle in a Valley - Burning of a Town - Battle of Stirling

The Battle of Stirling was the first major victory of the Scottish rebellion.


Scottish army

The Scottish army

English army

The English army

The Scottish had won in a few skirmishes under command of the commoner William Wallace, and the city of Lanark was freed from English rule. While the King of England, Edward I, went to France to expand his future kingdom, his feeble son Prince Edward did nothing and preferred to spend time with his partner Philip. But the Northern Army, 13,000-strong under the command of Lord Talmadge and Lord Cheltham,

English Cavalry

The English knights charge.

invaded. The Scottish nobles made an alliance with William, and though Robert the Bruce did not join the battle, Mornay, Lochlan, and Craig aided Wallace's cause with their cavalry. The English heavy cavalry had not been beaten in two centuries, and were feared by their opponents. So Wallace constructed 24-ft spears using the trees from the highlands, and wanted to use them to kill the horsemen and the riders. The Scottish also constructed several shields, painted partially blue like their faces, trying to show Scottish pride. The Scottish plan was for Mornay and his cavalry to run behind the hills and take out the English archers from behind, and the English would believe that they were running away if they ran to the rear. The English plan was to charge and launch a full attack to wipe out the Scottish.

When the two armies met on the field at Stirling, the English thought that they would win and the Scottish thought they would lose. Thanks to the motivation of a veteran's words, much of the Scots wanted to flee. They felt that they had no chance of winning because of numbers if the lords did make war, or because if they did not make war and accept England's terms, they would be slaves still. But Wallace gave an astounding speech that rallied his men, and not one of the retreating men continued fleeing. When Wallace and Cheltham headed to parley, Cheltham promised the Scottish lords land in England. Wallace delivered Scotland's terms: retreating and stopping at every town to beg forgiveness for 100 years of theft, murder, and rape. Cheltham obviously refused, and the two sides prepared for battle. First, the English ordered their archers to fire when the Scottish started showing off their privates to them in order to taunt them. The Scottish ducked down and held their shields over their bodies, deflecting the arrows, and only a few were hurt. Then, they mooned the English by bending down and pulling up their kilts, but this time, they were caught unprepared by the arrows. More Scottish soldiers were killed this time, and the cavalry fled as according to plan. Talmadge, excited, ordered the cavalry to launch a full attack, to ride the enemy down like grass. The English cavalry charged, unsuspecting that the Scots had spears. At the last second, the Scots raised their spears and aimed them at the horses' hearts, killing the beasts of burden and the knights. The attack was repelled, and the English cavalry were annihilated. Frustrated, Talmadge ordered Cheltham to lead the infantry in a charge, while the Scottish charged as well. When they met in the center, savage fighting ensued. The Scottish had the upper hand, and hacked heads, arms, and legs off, and stabbed people in the heads, chests, and necks, and it was a very brutal fight. Mornay and the cavalry defeated the Welsh archers and Talmadge ordered a retreat of his personal bodyguard, narrowly escaping. But the infantry remained on the field, and the bloody battle continued. Wallace swung his sword at Cheltham, unhorsing him, before lopping his head off as he tried to get up. The last of the English infantry were killed or lay wounded, and Mornay met Wallace in the center as they arranged. The men cheered on "Wallace!", and he stabbed his sword into the ground to commemorate the victory. He was knighted and made both guardian and High Protector of Scotland. This was the last battle over Scotland, as it marked its independence.